Reports

Pay gap between women and men with basic vocational education. An analysis of the statistical data concerning the labour market, pay disparities and the opinions of the female respondents in 2015

The purpose of this report is to provide an analysis of the pay gap between men and women with basic vocational education in the context of their economic activity and educational options. The analysis is focused on women with basic vocational education and their position in the labour market, with particular emphasis on the situation of young women. It explores the subject of young women’s economic activity (according to age, economic sector and their form of employment) in comparison to their male counterparts and in comparison with groups with a different level of education. It also provides an answer to the question why the pay gap is so significant when compared to other groups with a different level of education and provides an explanation as to why there is such a big pay gap within individual occupations depending on age and gender.
The report was prepared within the project „Cross-cutting discrimination. Gender and vocational education”.

 

Vocational Schools and the Labour Market for Women with Basic Vocational Education

The report is based on the study conducted in 2015. The purpose of the study was to determine the factors which influence girls’ choices to pursue basic vocational school and their choices of fields of study as well as the quality of vocational school (BVS) in the context of the existing labour market. Finally, the study analysed the situation of women with basic vocational education in the labour market. The report was prepared within the project „Cross-cutting discrimination. Gender and vocational education”.

Read „Vocational Schools and the Laboru Market for Women with Basic Vocatinal Education”

Alternative report on the implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), Poland 2014

The report was submitted to the UN CEDAW Committee by KARAT Coalition on behalf of CEDAW Coalition of Polish NGOs.

September 2014

Download the report: HERE

Report: Women’s Access to Justice in Poland. Analysis of the barriers hampering access to justice for women who were denied the right to lawful abortion

In order to identify the barriers that prevent women from claiming their rights, to get better knowledge and to formulate recommendations aimed at improving women’s access to justice, KARAT conducted a pilot study which focused on the exemplary type of women’s rights violations – on denying women access to abortion services that are legal under the Polish law.

These violations are unrecognized by the society and law enforcement in Poland, and thus extremely difficult for women to address through using the legal remedies. In this case justice seeking becomes a real challenge which women usually do not dare to face being aware that it would lead to breaking a socio-cultural taboo and to the consequences that might have a heavy impact on their lives.

This report is a part of KARAT’s regional initiative on women’s access to justice that has been implemented in Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Poland since 2010 in the context of the CEDAW Committee’s decision to elaborate General Recommendation on the theme.

Published by KARAT, 2012.

Download the report in English „Women’s Access to Justice in Poland. Analysis of the barriers hampering access to justice for women who were denied the right to lawful abortion

Report: Universal Periodic Review of Poland Joint Submission by a Coalition of Human Rights NGOs. (Also in Polish)

This alternative report was developed by four Polish civil society organizations (ATD Fourth World, KARAT Coalition, Association for Legal Intervention and SOS Children’s Villages Association Poland) which were cooperating in order to provide an overview of the Polish Government’s performance in four areas of human rights. The report identifies and elaborates on the most burning issues and formulates recommendations. In the part dedicated to women’s human rights KARAT presented as main concerns among others: violations in the area of reproductive rights and a pay gap of over 30 per cent between women and men with growing phenomenon of working poor among women.

Issued in November 2011.

Download the report in English: Universal Periodic Review of Poland Joint Submission by a Coalition of Human Rights NGOs.

Polish version is available HERE

Polish Report Social Watch 2009 „Social development”. (Only in Polish).

The annual report of the Polish Social Watch Coalition deals with the issue of social development. It elaborates on the understanding of social development, its goals and directions and evaluates government policies affecting disadvantaged and discriminated groups in Poland. The rights-based diagnosis of social development in Poland includes, among others, access to housing, health care, education, employment, the right to legal abortion etc.

Published by KARAT – a coordinator of Polish Social Watch Coalition, 2010

The report is available only in Polish HERE

 

Report: Cashing In: Giant retailers, purchasing practices, and working conditions in the garment industry by Clean Clothes Campaign.

This is the report by Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) translated into Polish by KARAT as a part of the activities aimed at strengthening the involvement of civil society and activists in the improvement of the working conditions in garment industry.

It is about giant retailers – often referred to as supermarkets or big box retailers – such as Walmart, Tesco, Carrefour, Lidl, and Aldi. What makes these retailers special is their size: their global reach and their huge market share in many countries. Using their size to dominate suppliers and push them into offering lower prices is how the Giants do business.

It is also a report about the clothing industry, in which the giant retailers are big players. But most importantly, it’s a report about the people – mostly women – who make the clothes on sale in giant retailers.

Published in 2008.

The Polish version is available HERE

The English version by CCC is available HERE


Report: The situation of female employees in super- and hypermarkets. (Also in Polish and Russian).

This report is a summary of the research on working conditions of women employed in super-/hypermarkets in Poland. The research was conducted by KARAT within the project „Improvement of work conditions of women employed in chains of large area retail institutions in Poland”.

The report shows the area where the violations of workers’ rights still exists and gives a series of recommendations to improve the situation of female empolyees in super – and hypermarkets in Poland.

Published by KARAT, 2008

Download the report in English „The situation of female employees in super- and hypermarkets

The full report is also available in Polish and Russian

The report’s briefing in Polish HERE

Report: Work conditions and respecting of employees’ rights in supermarkets in Poland from the gender equality perspective. (Also in Polish).

The report is a legal analysis focusing on the labour rights protection system related to the forms and areas of violations of the labour rights of women employed in super-/hypermarkets in Poland. The areas of violations were identified by the research conducted by KARAT in 2008.

There are two main conclusions of the report. One is that the employers aim at maximization of profits at the costs of the employees and their rights, second one – that it is possible to protect employees of super-/ hypermarkets from abuses using existing labour law regulations.

Published by KARAT, 2008

Download the report in English „Work conditions and respecting of employees’ rights in supermarkets in Poland from the gender equality perspective

The report is also available in Polish HERE

Polish Report Social Watch 2008 „Time for the rights”. (Only in Polish).

This is the first report made by the Polish Social Watch Coalition established within the project „Promoting of social development: building the capacity of Social Watch Coalition” in 2008 coordinated in Poland by KARAT.

It consists of three parts: 1. the reprints from the international Social Watch Report 2008, 2. the articles on selected issues concerning observance and protection of human rights in Poland, 3. the national reports on human rights in the countries of CEE/CIS region and countries to which the Polish Development Aid is directed.

Published by KARAT , 2008

The report is available only in Polish HERE

 

Report: Clearing the hurdles: Steps to improving wages and working conditions in the global sportswear industry by Fair Play 2008 Campaign.

This is a report by PlayFair2008 Campaign that was run on the occasion of Beijing Olympics in 2008. KARAT as a partner in this initiative, translated and published the report in Polish.

The report presents the main problems related to labour rights obedience in sportswear factories, provides facts illustrating the roots of these problems (which are closely related to the structures and pattern of functioning global sportswear industry as a whole), and finally, recommends the solutions. Publication focuses on the main sportswear brands which control the whole industry. These brands are also addressees of the final recommendations.

Published by PlayFair, 2008

The Polish translation of the PlayFair2008 report is available HERE.

The English version of the report is available HERE

Report: Gender aspects. Production of Next – generation electronics in Poland.

This report was published by KARAT as part of the MakeITfair campaign, a European wide project on consumer electronics.
 
It emphasizes the need to monitor the working conditions and the environmental impacts of this expanding new sector in Poland. While new jobs and new investments for Poland are desirable, we need to make sure, however, that the workers are treated fairly and not exploited.
 
Published by KARAT, 2007
 
Download the report in English „Gender aspects. Production of Next – generation electronics in Poland
 
 

Report: Fair Play – always in fashion! Consumers’ awareness and working conditions of women in sporting goods Industry. (Also in Polish).

This is a report on sportswear industry in Poland  based on data and interviews with producers, workers, consumers, unionists and sportswear market specialists which were conducted by KARAT Coalition in 2007.

Publication illustrates the situation of Polish sportswear industry as a whole and the working conditions of women in this branch, in particular. For the first time in Poland the report provides the results of the research on awareness of Polish consumers on the social costs of sportswear production, their motivations for purchasing and their approach to consumers campaigns for better working conditions in garment industry.

The report was as a part of the project “Mobilizing for a sectoral programme of work for social quality management in the sporting goods industry” (“Fair Play in Sporting Goods Production” ) implemented by KARAT as one of partner organizations.

Published by KARAT, 2007

Download the report in English „Fair Play- always in fashion! Consumers’ awareness and working conditions of women in sporting goods industry”

The report is available also in Polish HERE

Report: Labour Market and Entrepreneurship Overcoming Gender Stereotypes.

This report is a result of a joint project of AFAEMME, KARAT, SEGE and WAD on Labour Market and Entrepreneurship; Overcoming Gender Stereotypes. It consists of 12 national reports from Bulgaria,  Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and a final global report containing concrete policy recommendations addressed to European Commission and national governments.

Published by AFAEMME 2006.

Download the Global report in English: Labour Market and Entrepreneurship; Overcoming Gender Stereotypes.

Download the national reports in English from Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia.

 

Report: Work conditions of women working in cloth factories in Poland. Research results. (Also in Polish).

The report is based on the research, including interviews with female employees, on working conditions in clothing factories in Poland conducted by KARAT. It is a result of joint project of KARAT and Clean Clothes Campaign. A dissemination of research outcomes through publication aimed at increasing public awareness about the issue.

Published by KARAT, 2005

Download the report in English „Work Conditions of Women Working in Cloth Factories in Poland. Research Results

The publication is available also in Polish HERE

 

 

Report: To the farthest frontiers: Women’s empowerment in an expanding Europe.

This is the first joint report of KARAT, WIDE, Eurostep and Social Watch. It focuses on the question of how Europe is overcoming its former division. Since 1989, Europe has changed beyond all expectations. But while Europe is transcending its former separation, new borders are being put in place.

This publication is an attempt to add to the debates surrounding the ongoing reviews of implementation of Beijing Platform for Action and the Millennium Declaration by providing an assessment of the EU’s commitment to promoting gender equality in its assistance to Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CEE/CIS). It examines the gender equality in this region in light of its changing nature and increasingly close relationship with the European Union (EU).

Published by Eurostep & Social Watch, 2005

Download the report in English  „To the farthest frontiers” Women’s empowerment in an expanding Europe

Study: Gender assessment of the impact of EU accession on the status of women in the labour market in CEE – 4 national studies: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland. (Study for Poland also in Polish).

The four gender assessments of the impact of EU accession on women’s status in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, have been undertaken under a project entitled ‚Gender and Economic Justice in European Accession and Integration’ supported by the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and implemented by the KARAT Coalition and Network of East West Women/Polska.

With countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), either set to join the European Union (EU) in 2004, scheduled to join at a later date, or are still aspiring to enter the accession process, accession to the EU is a dominant theme across the region. The accession and regional integration processes offer tremendous opportunities for women to advance the gender equality agenda. At the same time, there are strong economic and social forces and trends that also threaten women’s human rights.

Published in 2003.

Download the publications in English.

 

 

Regional report on institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women. (Also in Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Hungarian, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak and Ukrainian).

This regional report is based on the national reports prepared by the women’s NGOs from Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and Ukraine. It has been written for the 43rd session of the Commission on the Status of Women in New York (March 1999).

Published by KARAT, 1999

Download the report in English „Regional report on institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women

A print version is available in Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, Hungarian, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian

 

 

 

 

National reports on institutional mechanisms for the advancement of women for Albania, Hungary, Macedonia, Poland and Ukraine (only in national languages). (Reports for Hungary and Poland also in English).

The reports were prepared for 43rd session of Commission on the Status of Women  in New York (March 1999).

Published by KARAT, 1999.

Download the report in English:  Polish report, Hungarian report

A print version  is available in Albanian, Hungarian, Macedonian, Polish, Romanian, Ukrainian.